In 2013, there were 5,589 new cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Australia (3,151 new cases in men and 2,438 new cases in women). In 2013, the age standardised incidence rate was 22 cases per 100,000 persons.51
The incidence of NHL has increased steadily from 1982 (1,918 cases) to 2013 (5,589 cases).51
Incidence of NHL increases with age, with the average age at diagnosis from males at 64.3 and females 66.8.4 Up to 85 years, males have a greater risk of developing NHL (1 in 34) compared to females (1 in 50).4
In 2014, there were 1,598 deaths from NHL, with lymphoma the 9th leading cause of cancer death in Australia.51 There have been significant survival gains for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Five-year survival increased significantly between 1982–1986 and 2007–2011, from 44.8% to 72.1%.4 Increases in survival from non-Hodgkin lymphoma have been attributed to more effective treatment, particularly the introduction of antibody therapies.13
At the end of 2012, there were 5,097 people living who had been diagnosed with lymphoma that year, 20,200 people who had been diagnosed with lymphoma in the previous 5 years (from 2008 to 2012) and 50,750 people who had been diagnosed with lymphoma in the previous 31 years (from 1982 to 2012). 51
- Review the cancer incidence projections for NHL for 2011-2020 and discuss the projected trends for the incidence of NHL among both males and females.
- Discuss the implications of the above trends and changes in demography (i.e. an increased ageing population), for the incidence of NHL in Australia.